History of Darjeeling Darjeeling is one of India’s most famous holiday destinations and is affectionately known as the “Queen of the Hills”. It is a hill-station located in the northern part of West Bengal. Until the fag end of the 18th Century, the city was largely under the Kingdom of Sikkim. With the steady conquest of the British East India Company, it came under the British rule in the mid-1800s. It saw development under the British rule with the constructions of many roads, railroads, schools hospitals and churches. People and Culture of Darjeeling A Darjeeling tour is essential to truly experience the city. Tourism and the tea industry are the major contributors to the economy. The population comprises of a mix of many ethnic groups such as Magars, Gurung and Tamangs. There is also a significant population of the Ghorka tribe. Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism are the major religions practiced here. The spoken languages include Nepali, Hindi and Bengali. Culturally, Darjeeling is very diverse. As the city has many indigenous groups, the festivals are also varied. Dasain, Saga Dawa and Lhabab Dhuechen are a few of the major festivals along with Diwali and Durga puja. Things to Do in Darjeeling There are innumerable things to do in Darjeeling from sightseeing to trekking on the Kanchenjunga Mountain. Sightseeing in Darjeeling is an absolute delight with lush green hills riddled with cotton-like clouds. The important places to visit in Darjeeling include the Tiger Hills and Happy Valley Tea Garden. Darjeeling sightseeing is incomplete without a visit to the famous Rangit Valley and a ride on the cable car. Some of the famous places in Darjeeling are the monasteries particularly the Ghoom Monastery and the Peace Pagoda. Tourists may visit the architectural masterpiece of Kali temple. One of the main Darjeeling attractions is the Toy Train, which is now a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other Darjeeling tourist places are the Lloyd Botanical Garden and the Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park to experience the unique flora and fauna of the lesser Himalayas. With so many Darjeeling places to visit, tourists must keep in mind to plan their trips in advance so as to have ample amount of time. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway The most famous attraction in Darjeeling, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR) is also known as the ‘Toy Train’. It is a narrow gauge rail that is 2ft in width and runs between Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri and was built in the years between 1879 and 1881. In 1999, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, making DHR, the Second railway in the world to have such an honor after Semmering Railway, Austria. Singalila National Park Located at an altitude of approximately 2134 meters above sea level the Singalila National Park is situated in the highest regions of West Bengal. The park is known for its amazing peaks and the panoramic views of the lesser Himalayas. The National Park is famous as a trekker’s paradise with a large verity of mountainous vegetation, fauna, and birds. The wildlife includes rare and endangered species like the Red Panda, Black Bear, Leopard, Tigers, Clouded Leopard, Serow, Leopard Cat, Barking Deer, Yellow-throated Marten, Wild Boar, Pangolin and Takin. Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park Known for its famous Red Panda and Snow Leopard breeding program, the Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park is spread in an area of 67.56 acres. The zoo is located at an average elevation of 2,134 meters above sea level and is the largest high altitude zoos in India. Some of the rare and endangered species in the zoo are snow leopards, red pandas, Himalayan Salamanders, Tibetan wolf, Himalayan mountain goat and Siberian tigers. Tiger Hill One of the most famous peaks in Darjeeling can be reached either by jeep or by foot which transverses through some of the oldest tea plantations in Darjeeling. The place is best known as a trekking destination and its peaks offer some of the most marvelous views of the Kanchendzonga and the monolithic Mt. Everest. Observatory Hill Located near Chowrarasta square, Observatory Hill is a famous view point and tourist attraction in Darjeeling. The location is famous for its magnificent views of Kanchendzonga and the ancient temple dedicated to Mahakaal or Lord Shiva. Batasia Loop Batasia Loop can be visited when the famous ‘Toy Train’ makes its way across a looped track that transverses through some beautiful parks. The place is famous for housing a Gorkha war memorial and while in the toy train you can witness a 360 degrees view of Darjeeling. The loop covers an area of 50,000 square feet and transverses spirally into tunnels, landscaped parks and hillocks in this 1,000 feet high descent. The local crafts market located nearby is a must visit. Happy Valley Tea Estate Spread across a massive area of 437-acres, and situated at an elevation of 2,100 meters above sea level, the Happy Valley Tea Estate is one of the major tourist attractions in Darjeeling. The place is located amidst some of the most breath taking surroundings in India. It also houses one of the highest tea factory in the world and was established in 1854 by an Englishman and was later taken over by an Indian aristocracy from Hoogly. Joey’s Pub If you want to relax after a hard day of travelling, Joey’s Pub is the place for you then. It is an English style pub built in 1948 and is a one of the prime attractions for the tourists in India. Make sure you visit the pub for some mid-priced drinks and snacks with some light classic-rock and blues playing in the background. Japanese Peace Pagoda Built during 1885-1985 by a Japanese Buddhist monk Nichidatsu Fuji, the Japanese Peace Pagoda is a part of 30 such structures across the world. The Buddhist shrine is located amidst some really enticing locations and is built in a beautiful white structure with golden colored sculptures. The structure is 23 sq meters wide and 28.5 meters high. Neora Valley National Park Spread across a massive 88 square kilometers, the Neora Valley National Park is one of the richest biological zones in the north-east. The Neora Valley National Park is famous for housing one of the largest populations of Red Panda in India. The park was established in 1986 and is a home to several endangered and rare species of flora and fauna. With an amazing climate all year round, Darjeeling is one of the top tourist destinations in West Bengal. The culture the city has accumulated from years of its history under the various rulers, Darjeeling is a popular hill station town in India.