The most holy city of Sikhs, Amritsar City derived its name from the water pool (Pool of Nectar), the 4th saintly teacher of the Sikh faith constructed that. The Sikhs holiest temple, the exquisite Golden Temple is also situated in the city of Amritsar decked with real gold leaf on its dome. The town is also known globally due to the occurrence of massacre, in the historic Jallianwala Bagh by the British General Dyer's. He exhibits his oppression by firing on thousands of innocent people not even sparing children, women and old people. The added charm of the place is gorgeous Ram Bagh Garden. Main Attractions of Amritsar City Golden Temple Golden Temple is the most sanctified temple of the Sikhs constructed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The lower portion of the temple embodied with white marble inlay work and the upper portion is decorated with copper coated over by gold plate. Devotees from all walks of life irrespective of their cast and creed pay homage to the temple, there are continuos echoes and the chants of the spiritual recitation inside the main complex. The other attractions inside the shrine is the Guru Granth Sahib, the Holy Book of the Sikhs and the 24 hr running non-stop kitchen feeds almost 10,000 pilgrims every day, the kitchen is run on a voluntary basis. Jallianwal Bagh The Jallianwal Bagh now a memorial built in eternal flame has witnessed the massacre on 13th April 1919. About 1500 to 2000 innocent people were killed by the British General Dyer who were attending a peaceful meeting. Elizabeth II the Queen of England with her husband visited the sight to pay their homage to the people who lost their lives in the tragedy, on 14 Oct.' 1997 while on a trip to India. Akal Takhat The Sikhs 6th Guru, Sri Har Gobind, constructed Akal Takhat in 1609 as a seal of authority epitomizing the oneness of religious and a transitory life. Ram Bag Ram Bag a most exquisite garden consists of a beautiful palace called as the summer place of erstwhile Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the city of Amritsar. The garden treasures 'Darshani Deorhi' a magnum opus, with its unique architectural splendor. There is also a beautiful museum named after Maharaja Ranjit Singh exhibiting unique oil paintings, miniatures, coins, weapons and objects relating to the Sikh period. Important Excursions Taran Taaran Taran Taaran 22 km lies at the south of Amritsar is a small town established by Sri Guru Arjan Dev in 1590. Many cultural fairs are organized in the town every month on every 'Amavas' night a worth visiting sight. Gobindwal Sahib Gobindwal Sahib- 30 km from Amritsar is a town of Goindwal. The place is acclaimed as a center where Guru Amaar Das preached Sikhism. People from all walks of life come here to pay their homage at Gobindwal Sahib. Baba Bakala Gurudwara Baba Bakala Gurudwara a holy shrine of Sikhs is located just 45km, making an excellent excursion from Amritsar. The devotees throng the place especially during every amavas (moonless night). The place comes into limelight during an annual fair held on Raksha Bandhan day on full moon in August. Festivities Lohri (January) starts with huge bonfire surrounded by people all around. People throw sweets, puffed rice and popcorns into the fires singing popular folk songs in their native language, a worth watching sight. Baisakhi (13 April) Baisakhi is the first day of the Sikhs New Year and also the anniversary of the Khalsa foundation. It is also the harvest festival, the thrill at an plenteous harvest is depicted in the dances and folk songs of farmers. It is also one of the most desired and multicolored festivals of Punjab with fairs organized at different places. Shopping In Amritsar Shopping in Amritsar has its just fabulous with its colorful bazaar. Hall Bazaar is the main shopping complex of Amritsar showcasing the products of diverse ranges including Electronics goods, Readymade Garments, Handcarts, Ornaments and many Bookshops. Dharam Singh Market another market offering wide variety of Products. Mode of Transport Air: Amritsar is connected by airways with Delhi and Shrinagar, from airport travelers can get auto rickshaw or the taxi to reach the town. Rail: The town has well-connected railway network to Delhi, Varanasi, Wagah (Attari Border) and some other places in India. Road: Amritsar is also well linked by an excellent road network to cities like Chandigarh, Delhi, Jammu etc. Some of the road distances are as follows: - Jammu 216 km, Chandigarh 235 km and Delhi 435 km. To move in and around the city Rickshaws, Meter Taxis and City buses are easily available.